Bursa Turkey History
The metropolis of Bursa in northwestern Anatolia is a lively and historic city with countless sights. The Turkish city is as diverse as those outside Turkey and offers a fascinating insight into the past, present and future of the region and its people. The historically richest city in Turkey is far away from the swarms of tourists that flock to Istanbul. What you see and do in BURSa depends largely on where your interests lie.
The city is doubly important because it houses the tomb of Osman Gazi, who gave his name to the Ottoman dynasty and gave it its name. With only a small part of it, the old city walls are symbolic, as they are also located on the tomb of the man who founded the Ottoman Empire. In Turkish, called Hisar, this is the oldest city in one part and is located in the old part of the city, which passed from Roman to Byzantine and finally Ottoman hands.
The Ottoman ruler from the 14th century is buried in Bursa, starting with Osman, the founder of the empire, whose tomb is pictured here. This is the tomb of Osmen Gazi, a 14th century Ottoman ruler who was buried at the same time as his father and brother, Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II.
Osman's successor was Orhan Gazi (r. 1326 - 59), who enlarged the empire to include what is now Ankara and practically surrounded the Byzantine capital of Constantinople. Under the rule of Osman Gazis, Bursa became the capital of the nascent empire, which took its name Osmenli - Ottomans - and became its capital and the center of its political and military power.
As the early capital of the Ottoman state, Bursa has become one of the most industrialised cities in Turkey and is an important tourist destination showcasing its local culture and cuisine. It is also a great place to learn about hand-woven Turkish rugs and rugs, which are as popular today as ever. The city, which is the second largest city in Turkey after Istanbul and the third largest in the world, now has a population of over 1.6 million and houses a number of museums, galleries and other cultural institutions.
Its origins date back to the Ottoman Empire and today serve as an ethnographic museum and research centre for the study of the history of Bursa and Turkey.
The historic building, dating from 1879, is beautifully decorated inside and also houses the famous photograph of Ataturk, the founder of Turkey. From 1326, when it was conquered by the Byzantines, until 1340, when the capital was moved to Edirne (European Turkey), after the Sultan began to turn towards Europe, it served as the first capital of the Ottoman Empire. While Bursa continued to serve as the capital of Anatolian countries, it also became the "capital of European countries" for the Ottomans. The monumental Great Mosque is the most important building in the city and one of its most famous landmarks.
The Ottoman Empire transformed Bursa into what we know today, and much of it is as it was then: a modern city with a rich history and cultural heritage.
Until 1326 it served as the first capital of the Ottoman Empire, then it was taken by the Byzantines and moved to Edirne (European Turkey) until the Sultan began to turn towards Europe in the 15th century. The Ottomans founded Bursa as the capital of the Empire, took over the city in 1326 and moved the imperial capitals to the EdIRne and finally to Istanbul. Orhan Ghazi made it the capital of the Ottoman principality and it continued to play a leading role in the empire until all the capitals of the empire had to be moved to Erskine in the early 15th century. Bulsa gained its historical importance during the Ottonian rule and was refounded as a city by the Ottonians in 1327.
Bursa remained an important player even when Anatolia passed from Ottoman power to the new Turkish Republic under Ataturk. Located in the heart of the inhabitants of Bursaspor, Bursaspor was once the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Unfortunately, it became Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul, and in 2019, after just nine years, it was relegated to the second division, and is now Turkey's fourth largest city.
Bursa's position as a family seat explains why so many of the Ottoman royal tombs are located there, and the most important structure in Tophane Park is the tomb of Sultan Mustafa II, grandson of the Ottoman Emperor Sultan Mehmet II. The Ottoman capital remained in Bursaspor for more than a century, until 1402, but its location in the heart of Turkey's second largest city explains its role as an important player in Anatolia's political and economic history, as well as the fact that it is located on the southern edge of Istanbul's historic Konya district, near the borders with the Republic of Syria and Turkey. For the fountain - in - part - of a century (1401 - 1403) remained the Ottoman capital in BURSA, with its location in the center of the city center.